For the first time in history Azerbaijan is the host country for the Eurovision Song contest. Many people don’t know much about this exotic country at the Caspian Sea. Therefore we will have a closer look at this country.
With a number of 9.1 Mio inhabitants and a size of 86.000 km², Azerbaijan is comparable with these figures to Austria. Azerbaijan is located at the utmost south-eastern part of Europe, from the longitude point of view it is as east as Dubai. Baku is located further east than the African continent eastwards expansion. It is always in discussion if Azerbaijan belongs to Europe or to Asia. The natural border between Europe and Asia is the Ural range which is even located more eastern as the Caucasus region. Azerbaijan is having common borders with Turkey, Armenia, Georgia, Russia and Iran. On the other side of the Caspian Sea there are Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan. There are 9 climes from alpine in the mountains to hot-humid at the coastal area.
Thanks to its natural sources of gas and oil this country has always been seen as “Land of Fire” – which exactly means land of fire. There are many antique fortresses, fire temples and oilfields. The country is exporting oil and is known as oil land since the 19th century. Unfortunately, this rampant production left some marks ugly ruins of oil production fields. The Caspian Sea is full of shaft towers and it’s not recommended to swim in the sea due to the pollution. Therefore the inner landscape is almost authentic as there are clear rivers, mountains and a rustique natural environment with over 4300 kinds of plants, also the widespread mulberry trees. There are even found seldom leopards, tigers, jackals, hyenas, gazelles, bears and wolves.
Azerbaijan is a very open country in terms of religious freedom, there are 90% Islams, but very open especially for women which have no clothing rules like in other Muslim countries. There are minorities of Christians and Jews living peacefully next to each other.
Azerbaijan declared it’s independency from the former Soviet Union in 1991. It is a presidential democracy and Ilham Aliyev is the president.